Srikakulam district is a district of Andhra Pradesh state with its administrative head quarters located at Srikakulam City. It has been proved that there was the human inhabitation at Sangamayya Konda and Dannanapeta during Stone Age and Iron Age periods. The main part of Dannanapeta Iron Age megalithic site is a large single capstone as a dolmen with 36 ft in length and 14 ft in width and 2 ft in thickness. The Jain monuments and Buddhist remnants found near the Sangamayya Konda are the evidences of the fact that the place was ruled by Jain and Buddhist rulers for a long period. Sri kakulam was emerged as a separate district in the map of Andhra Pradesh in the year 1950 after it carved out from Visakhapatnam district. Then in November, 1969 the district had lost its 63 villages from Saluru taluk and 44 villages from Bobbili taluk since all these villages were merged with the newly formed Gajapathinagaram taluk of Visakhapatnam district. Again in May, 1979, the district had undergone some major territorial changes and finally, the present day’s Srikakulam district came into existence.
Geographically, the district lies at 18°30'N latitude, 83°90'E longitude and 21 m altitude. In the year 2021, there was a total 14.75% forest area of total geographical area. The district encompasses a geographical area of 5,837 sq. kms. and it is bounded by Orissa on the North, Vizianagaram district on the South and West and Bay of Bengal on the East. The Nagavali, Vamsadhara, Suvarnamukhi, Vegavathi, Mahendratanaya, Gomukhi, Champavathi, Bahuda and Kumbikota Gedda are the important rivers of the District. Most of its rainfall occurs in the monsoon season. The actual rain fall in the district was 1393.2 mm. in the year of 2021-22.
Administration wise, the district is divided into 3 revenue sub divisions namely Srikakulam, Palakonda and Tekkali. Moreover, it comprises 38 sub-districts, 12 towns and 1,802 villages. The administrative language in the district is Telugu.
According to 2011 census the district has a population of 23, 03 and 114 out of which 13,41,738 are males and 13,61,376 are females. The district has a sex ratio of 1015 (females for every 1000 males). During the year 2001-2011 the population growth rate in the district was 6.52% including 6.49% are males and 6.56% are females. As per 2011 census the major religion in the district is Hindu with 98.66% of the total population. The population density in the district is 463 persons per sq. kms. According to 2011 census the principal language in the district is Telugu with 92.32%. In the year 2020 the number of live births in the district was 37,636 out of which 19,460 were males and 18,176 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district was 23,879 out of which 13,908 were males and 9,971 were females.
Agriculture is the backbone of the economy of the district. More than half of its population are engaged in agriculture in order to earn their livelihood. The chief agricultural products in the district are coconut, cashew nut, jack, maize, onion, etc. The adoption of the new agricultural technologies amongst the farmers of the district helps to increase the production of various agricultural items. The irrigation facility of the district is very well developed. Some of its foremost irrigation projects are Vamsadhara Project, Narayanapuram Anicut, Thotapalli Regulator, Pydigam Project, etc. The economy of the district is also dependent on industrial sector to some extent. The core pharmaceutical company namely Dr. Reddy's Laboratories is situated at Pydibhimavaram which contributes in its economy remarkably. In the year 2020-21 the gross domestic product in the district Rs. 39,04,200 lakh at current price ad Rs. 26,18,700 lakh at constant prices in the year 2011-2012. The net domestic product in the district during the period 2020-21 was Rs. 35,32,600 lakh at current price and Rs. 23,27,000 lakh at constant prices in the year 2011-2012. The Per Capita Income or NDDP, at Factor Cost in the district the period 2020-21 was Rs. 1,24,728 at current price and Rs. 82,161 at constant prices in the year 2011-2012.
The district is well known as an abode of several reputed educational institutions. It provides a platform for higher education. Some of the colleges in the district are affiliated to the oldest university of the district namely Dr. B.R. Ambedkar University. Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, established in the Sri kakulam town is one of the most recognised medical institutes in the Andhra Pradesh state. As per 2011 census the literacy rate in the district is 61.74% including 71.61% are males and 52.08% are females. The total number of literates in the district is 14,95,381 including 8,57,824 are males and 6,37,557 are females.
Boddepalli Rajagopala Rao, a veteran Indian politician and a member of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 5th, 6th and 7th Lok Sabha from the Sri kakulam constituency of the Andhra Pradesh state was born on 12th March, 1923 at Amadalavalasa in the district. He was a member of the Indian National Congress party.
The district has several centres of attraction which allures many travellers from different parts of the country as well as world. Arasavalli sun temple, located in the Arasavalli village is dedicated to the Hindu solar deity Surya and earlier it is popularly known as Harshavalli means abode of joy. Legends believe that it was constructed in the 7th century AD. by the rulers of Kalinga. Sri Mukhalingam, another renowned temple in the Sri kakulam district was built in the 9th on the left bank of Vamsadhara. It has a group of three temples with the deities of Mukhalingeswara, Bhimeswara and Someswara which was built by the Eastern Ganga dynasty kings. Salihundam, a pious place located at a distance of 16 km. from Srikakulam town on the right bank of the river Vamsadhara has a number of Buddhist stupas and a huge monastic complex on a hillock. Kalingapatnam, situated 35 km. away from Srikakulam is also a perfect tourist’s destination since it has the shrine of a famous Sufi saint and an old lighthouse. Kurmanatha temple, located in a village called Sri Kurmam 13 km. away from Srikakulam town is devoted to Kurma Avatar (Tortoise) of Lord Vishnu.